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Hantavirus Prevention Control and Transmission Facts


What is Hantavirus?


Hanta virus meaning: It is understood that Hantavirus belongs to the Bunyaviridae and is an enveloped segmented negative-strand RNA virus that can cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and Hantavirus renal syndrome hemorrhagic fever. No such cases have been reported in Cangshi.


What are the 5 main routes of transmission of hantavirus?

First, the respiratory tract, mouse excreta carrying the virus forms an aerosol that floats in the air, infecting humans through the respiratory tract.
Second, the digestive tract, humans eat the excretion of the mouse carrying the virus Food contaminated by food is infected through the mouth or human gastrointestinal tract mucosa.
Third, contact transmission, infected by mouse bites or damaged mouths, and infected with mouse excreta and blood; and fourth, vertical transmission. Pregnant women are infected with the virus by the placenta after being infected with the hemorrhagic fever virus. Fifth, they are transmitted through related vectors.

Prevention and control of Hantavirus

The prevention and control of Hantavirus (hemorrhagic fever) mainly adopts comprehensive control measures of "environmental management, rodent control, vaccination, and personal protection." For individuals, it is mainly to avoid contact with rats and their excreta / secretions. Emergency vaccination is available for high-risk groups.

Hanta Virus Details


The main treatment method for Hantavirus infection is supportive treatment. Early detection, early rest, and early treatment of patients can significantly reduce mortality.

Rodent and rodent prevention is the main measure to prevent the disease. For many years, China has mainly adopted comprehensive control measures such as “environmental control, rodent and rodent prevention, vaccination, and personal protection”. Its fecal / secretory contact.

In addition, emergency vaccination can be targeted at high-risk groups. China's epidemic hemorrhagic fever vaccine has been on the market for more than 20 years. And since 2008, the country has routinely vaccinated people aged 16 to 60 in high-incidence areas.


Yunnan migrant workers died in Lincang: death caused by Hantavirus
Lincang, Yunnan, migrant workers died on the way. It was caused by Hantavirus, there was no such case in Lincang.


March 24th (Miao Chao) Recently, a migrant worker from Cangyuan Autonomous County, Lincang City, Yunnan Province appeared on his way to work while returning to Shandong Rongcheng Luyang Aquatic Food Co., Ltd., passing through Ningshan County, Shaanxi Province. Ill, and died on the 23rd. The Health and Health Committee of Lincang City, Yunnan Province reported on the 24th: After sampling and testing in Ningshan County, the deceased Tianmou Hantavirus (hemorrhagic fever) nucleic acid test was positive, the new crown virus nucleic acid test was negative, and two other fever personnel and others Colleagues have collected specimens for inspection.

After receiving the notice from Ningshan County, Lincang City actively connected with Ningshan County, and asked Ningshan County to do its best to treat the fevered people. The first time to report the results of the sampling and testing of the fellow passengers, and to do a good job of psychological counseling and monitoring of other people in the same industry. At the same time, rapid disease surveillance and epidemiological investigations were conducted to appease and stabilize the emotions of family members, conduct counseling to villagers, and eliminate the panic of the people.


Workers killed in Lincang, Yunnan: Hanta virus nucleic acid test positive, 29 people were isolated

On March 23, a migrant worker in Lincang, Yunnan, died of illness while resuming work, sparking heated discussion among netizens. That night, Ningshan County, Ankang City, Shaanxi Province issued an official notification. The Ankang Disease Control Center tested the deceased and two feverish staff and one accompanying person. The first test of the new crown pneumonia virus nucleic acid was negative. The virus (hemorrhagic fever) nucleic acid test is positive, and the nucleic acid test of other people is collecting and sending samples.

What is Hantavirus? What is the route of transmission of hemorrhagic fever? The reporter combed this. At the same time, in the afternoon of March 24th, Yunnan Province issued the latest official notification. The Yunnan Provincial Health and Health Committee has sent an expert team to Lincang to guide the work. According to preliminary local investigations, no such cases have been reported in Lincang.

Hantavirus cases in China of infection


 Discomfort on the way to migrant workers

Fever symptoms in 2 people: At 22 o'clock on the evening of March 23, the Ningshan County Health and Health Bureau of Shaanxi Province issued a notice explaining the situation. It is understood that Shandong Rongcheng Luyang Aquatic Food Co., Ltd. leased a bus from Shandong Weihai Longwei Passenger Transport Co., Ltd., and received migrant workers to return to Shandong on March 23 in Mengding Town, Lincang City, Yunnan Province.

When passing through Ningshan County, Ankang City, the medical staff on the train found that Tian Moumou was unwell and dialed 120 for help. The local 120 first-aid center arrived immediately and took Tian Moumou and other 4 people from the expressway service area to the emergency department of the county hospital to treat Tian Moumou. Two fever patients and one accompanying person were treated in accordance with the new coronary pneumonia treatment procedure. Check. At the same time, local medical observation measures were implemented for all 29 other people in the same car.

At 7 o'clock on the 23rd, the patient Tian Moumou died of invalid treatment. The Ankang Disease Control Center tested the deceased and 2 fevers and 1 accompanying person for the first time with a new coronavirus virus nucleic acid test. The deceased Tianmou Hantavirus (hemorrhagic fever) nucleic acid test was positive. He took the nucleic acid test of other people, collecting samples.


Confirmation of deceased hantavirus positive

Expert team has been sent to work in the local area
On the afternoon of March 24, the Lincang Health and Health Committee of Yunnan Province issued an official circular saying that after receiving the notification from Ningshan County, Shaanxi Province, Lincang City has set up a leading group for investigation and disposal under the leadership of the government And 6 working groups, responsible for coordinating the investigation and disposal of the incident, and dispatched a special class to rush to Ningshan County, Shaanxi Province to do the relevant disposal.

According to the notification, the Yunnan Provincial Health and Health Committee immediately sent an expert group to Lincang to guide the work after receiving the Shaanxi Province. Lincang City actively connected with Ningshan County, Shaanxi Province, and asked Ningshan County to do its best to treat the fevered people. The first time to report the results of the sampling and detection of the fellow passengers, and to do a good job of psychological counseling and monitoring of other colleagues in the same industry. At the same time, rapid disease surveillance and epidemiological investigations were conducted to appease and stabilize the emotions of family members, conduct counseling to villagers, and eliminate the panic of the masses.
  


Hantavirus is mainly transmitted by mice


No such cases have been reported in Lincang before

Another report said that no such cases have been reported in Lincang, and the detailed cause of the infection is still under investigation.

According to relevant data, Hantavirus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family and is a negative-segment RNA virus with an enveloped segment that can cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and Hantavirus renal syndrome hemorrhagic fever. . Among them, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, also known as renal syndrome hemorrhagic fever, is a severe acute infectious disease that is transmitted by mice and caused by Hantavirus and clinically is characterized by fever, hemorrhage and kidney damage.







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