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Latest Information on Blood Pressure Treatment of all Types

What is Blood pressure?


When you go to a doctor for your BP problems the doctor first measures your blood pressure by placing an inflatable arm cuff around your arm using a blood pressure measuring machine usually known as kymograph.
Blood Pressure is measured by measuring device which gives the measurement in two numbers which are in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The first part is the upper number which shows your heartbeats (systolic pressure) while the second is lower part which measures the pressure in your arteries between (diastolic pressures).

Normal blood pressure

When Blood Pressure machine shows you at around 120/80 mm Hg it means you have ideal blood pressure which is normal.

High Blood Pressure or High BP

High BP is a systolic pressure ranging from 120 to 129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mm Hg. Take a strong step to control your high blood pressure otherwise your problem will increase with time.
There are two stages of Hypertension:

First Stage Hypertension

This Hypertension is a systolic pressure ranging from 130 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure ranging from 80 to 89 mm Hg.


Second Stage Hypertension

The Second stage of hypertension is generally very risky to you. It is a range of systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. Diabetes and excess body fat patients have a greater risk of such type of illness stage.

Upper and lower both numbers are valuable to read the blood pressure. But after 50, systolic reading becomes more remarkable. In systolic hypertension, the diastolic pressure is normal (less than 80 mm Hg) but systolic pressure is high ( which is greater than or equal to 130 mm Hg).

If you have high blood pressure, in this situation, the doctor will suggest you record your blood pressure at home so that the doctor can deem the fluctuation of hypertension and give you additional information.

Once my patient was feeling hypertension then doctor recommended him to monitor blood pressure in 24-hours, so he can notify about the blood pressure. It is called ambulatory.

Medical experts suggest their blood pressure patient monitors blood tests in two to three times in appointments, and the doctor recommends monitoring the blood pressure on a regular basis to the patient. This is why blood pressure fluctuates depending on a daily routine.  Blood pressure (white coat hypertension) may be elevated when a patient visit to the doctor. When you measures your blood pressure please use an appropriate-sized arm cuff and measured both arms so that determine the different blood pressure. 

If you have any type of hypertension, your doctor will analyze your medical history and conduct a physical examination.
For now hypertension, the doctor may also recommend routine tests, such as a urine test (urinalysis), a cholesterol test, blood tests, and an ElectroCardioGram or ECG— a test that measures your heart’s electrical activity. However medical expert also suggests additional tests, such as an echocardiogram, to look for more signs of heart disease.

Monitoring Hypertension at Home

There is an effortless way to know about your hypertension treatment is working or not. You can observe your blood pressure at home with the help of inflatable arm cuff device easily available online and offline.
Monitor your blood pressure at home is an easy and inexpensive way. You don’t need a doctor’s prescription to buy blood pressure machine. Many blood pressure machines are available in the market at a reasonable price. After purchasing BP monitor and measuring blood pressure at home one doesn’t need to go to the clinic, but you would have to follow some limitations for sure.
The device should be validated and its cuff should be adjustable on your arm to know that your device is working properly, take your device at least once in a year to your doctor’s clinic and learn from doctor to how get started with checking your blood pressure at home? Whenever you visit the clinic always keep your blood pressure records with you so that the doctor can check and verify its accuracy.


Heart Shape representation by hand gesture
Popular Symbolic Heart Shape

Dealing with Hypertension

Changing your lifestyle can go a long way toward controlling high blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend you making lifestyle changes which may include:
  •                   Getting regular physical activity
  •                   Eating a heart-healthy diet with less salt
  •                   Trying to limit the amount of liquor you drink
  •                   Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight if you’re overweight or obese 
  •    Not only lifestyle can control your blood pressure, in fact, you should keep up with exercise, healthy diet and regular basis mediation.
  •     Your BP treatment goal hinges on how healthy you are.
  •     Your blood pressure should be less than 130/80 mm HG in case You’re a healthy adult age 65 or older
  •         You’re a healthy adult closer to the age of 65 with a 10 percent or higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years
  •           Be alert if you have chronic kidney illness, diabetes or coronary artery disease.
  •          While 120/80 mm Hg or lower ideal hypertension is the target, the doctor is uncertain on the need for treatment (medicines) to make arrival to that level.
  •        If you are 65 years of age or older and use medicines that produce less systolic blood pressure (such as less than 130 mm Hg), then your medicines will not need to be changed unless they are unhealthy or do not put a negative impact on the quality of life.
  •      The range of medicines prescribed by your doctor depend upon your blood pressure measurement and your other medical problems. This is useful if you work closely with a team of medical professionals who are experienced in providing treatment for high blood pressure to develop a person’s individual treatment plan.



Blood Pressure Category
Systolic
mm Hg (Upper #)
Diastolic
mm Hg (Lower #)
Elevated
120-129
less than 80
Normal
less than 120
less than 80
Lower Blood Pressure
less than 100
less than 60
High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage 1
130-139
80-89
High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage 2
140 or Higher
90 or Higher
Hypertensive Crisis
(Seek Emergency Care)
Higher than 180
And/or higher than 120


Your Doctor can Treat Hypertension as well as You

  • ·        Examine your medicine and don’t take any drugs which are not good for BP.
  • ·        Examine the feasible causes of your condition and regulate if they can be treated.
  • ·        Monitor your blood pressure at home to prevent from white coat hypertension
  • ·        Recommend a healthy lifestyle change, such as eating a healthy diet with less salt, keep a healthy weight and limiting how much liquor you drink.
  • ·        Build up the variation in your high blood pressure drugs to come up with the most effective combination and dose.
  • ·        For the control your blood pressure you should add an aldosterone antagonist such as spironolactone (Aldactone) in your medicine if your doctor says.
  • Some experimental treatments such as catheter-based radiofrequency are being studied as the eradication of kidney sympathetic nerves (Renal desensitization) and electrochemical stimulation of Carotid sinus baroceptors.
If you do not review your HBP drugs, then your BP may suffer. If you leave the dosage because you cannot buy medicines, because you have side effects or because you just skip taking medicines, talk to your medical expert. Do not modify your treatment without guidance of your medical expert.

Make your Daily Routine Healthy

Lifestyle can help you to decrease and prevent your blood pressure even if you are taking blood pressure medicine. Here are some tips for you:

Natural Treatment for Blood Pressure

Consume Healthy Food:  Eat healthy diets. Try dietary approaches to prevent high blood pressure (DASH) diet, which emphasizes yogurt, fruits, leafy green vegetables, poultry, whole grains,  fish, bones, and low-fat dairy foods. Consume plenty of potassium, which can help inhibit and monitor hypertension. Eat shorter chain saturated fats and Trans fats.

Make distance from Salt: If you want to healthy life add a low amount of salt in your diet. Decrease sodium 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less in your diet because sodium intake of 1,500 mg a day or less is generally ideal for most adults.
Keep away yourself from soups or frozen dinners because these types of item can contain a good amount of salt which is not good for hypertension.

Keep a Healthy Weight: If you are troubled by your HBP, make your lifestyle healthy and you are overweight or obese, maintain your weight or losing weight. Overweight situation can be a risk of health problems. You can reduce your blood pressure to about 1 mm Hg with each weight loss (about 2.2 pounds).

Enhance Physical Activity: Regular physical activity, and strategies like dancing, playing, running, walking, etc. can help reduce your blood pressure as these activities manage stress, reduce your risk of many health problems and keep your weight under control.
Moderate aerobic activity at least 150 minutes in a week, whatever time suitable for you. 75 minute a week vigorous aerobic activity. You can do also a combination of moderate and vigorous activity. You may perform the following:
·        Aerobic Activity (Only if your Doctor allows): brisk walking, hiking, swimming, spinning, aerobics classes, dancing, cross country skiing, and kickboxing.

·        Vigorous Activity (Only if your Doctor allows):  Swimming laps, jogging, Race walking, running.
Girl Performing Exercise by Dumble in Hand
Exercise for Heart and BP



Decrease Liquor in your life: Consuming liquor it can raise your blood pressure. Decrease liquor in your daily life. Healthy persons i.e. women can take up to one drink a day and up to two drinks a day is allowable for for men. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol), 5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol) or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits (40% alcohol).

Stop Smoking: Tobacco can damage the walls of the blood vessel and can speed up the process of plaque production in the arteries. If you smoke and want to quit smoke ask your doctor to help you quit. Smoke is very dangerous for your life.

Keep away Physical Tension: Sleep early and get up early i.e. get more sleep, try relaxation techniques, talk to someone, indulge in physical activity, and avoid caffeine, liquor, and nicotine. These activities are needed in physical tension.

Blood Pressure Monitoring at home: When you are monitoring your blood pressure at home you should be know these things, about your device’s accuracy, measure your BP twice daily, don’t measure your blood pressure right after you wake up, avoid food, caffeine, tobacco and liquor for 30 minutes before taking a measurement, sit quietly before and during BP monitoring.
If your device is already showing normal readings, don’t stop or change your medicine without asking your medical expert first. The home monitoring device can help you keep closer tabs on your blood pressure.

Muscle Relaxation and Deep Breathing: Do deep breaths exercise i.e. breathe in and out in slow motion, it can slow the heartbeat and lower or stabilize blood pressure. Stress can temporarily boost blood pressure so refrain from it. Wear loose clothing, take off your shoes while meditating relaxing and performing breathing exercises and get comfortable.

Gestational Hypertension: It occurs when high blood pressure (greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg) occurs. It happens only during pregnancy, without the appearance of protein in the urine. In this situation, you should contact your medical expert and take advice.

Blood Pressure Machine (BP Machines)

Blood Pressure Machines are also referred to as:
Blood Pressure Monitor (BP Monitor)
Blood Pressure Equipment (BP Equipment)
Blood Pressure Device (BP Device)

These may be:
Manual/analog BP Machine
Digital BP Monitor

These are known by the names:
Kymograph
Sphygmomanometer

The brand names may be different. These may be for clinical use or home use. Some of these are even wearable on wrist.

Alternative Medicine for Blood Pressure are available as another possibility

These medicines are available as another possibility like homeopathy, traditional medicine, chiropractic, acupressure, acupuncture and so on.
Though healthy eating and regular exercise are the most suitable strategies for reducing your blood pressure, some supplements can also help to reduce it. However, more research is required to determine the possible benefits.
  • ·        Wheat bran is the highest fiber, provides a healthy digestive system
  • ·        Black beans, avocado, whole wheat, spinach, dark chocolate, almonds, cashews, and peanuts these are a good source of Minerals, such as magnesium, calcium and potassium.
  • ·        Green vegetables, citrus fruits, and lentils contain folic acid diet or addition of these lower risk of elaborate high blood pressure.
  • ·        Increase nitric oxide naturally in your diet, eat vegetables high in nitrates, like garlic.
  • ·        Fish is high in Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, walnuts, canola oil.
  • Vitamin D deficiency can be associated with a high risk of heart disease and blood pressure (hypertension). However, more research is needed.
It is best to comprise these as food items in your diet while you can also take supplements or medicine. Ask your medical expert before incorporating any of these supplements in your blood pressure treatment. Some may meet with complementary medicines which can lead to harmful side effects such as extended risks of bleeding, etc. which can be un-treatable.
You can also practice resting method, such as deep breathing or meditation, which can help you to lose and reduce your stress level. These exercises can reduce your blood pressure for a short time.


#Heart Disease Treatment, Blood Pressure, High Blood Pressure Treatment, Best Blood Pressure Treatment, Latest Blood Pressure Treatment





 Credit: Author Kawaljeet Singh
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NB The write-up is based on the most prevalent media information and is not a medical advice. Consult your Authorized Cardiologist for any Medical Treatment

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