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Blood Donation Types and Procedures


Table of Content

 

  1. Types of blood donation
  2. Whole blood donation
  3. Power red donation
  4. Platelet donation
  5. Plasma donation

Types and Procedures of Donating Blood

Right Type Blood Donation

Information about the kind of blood and the needs of the patient helps to ensure that the donor’s valuable contribution is best utilized. There are also benefits of Blood Donation and we can make it easily at Blood Donation Camps. 
Picture of Blood Donation and a Caption in the Picture saying Donate Blood Save Life
Blood Donation is Nobility

Here are some factors that determine how one can put maximum impact with their donation for different blood related donation types as there can be different derivatives of the donated blood:


Whole blood donation

Whole blood is a very flexible type of donation. It can be transfused in its original form and helps many people when red cells, plasma, and platelets separated into their specific categories.

Who it helps: The whole blood given to trauma patients and those who undergo surgery.

Time: approx. 1 Hour

Ideal blood type: All blood type


Power red donation

During Power Red Donation the donor provides a concentrated volume of red cells and their donated blood is utilized by those who use it as part of their care. This type of donation uses an automated process that separates donor’s red blood cells from different blood components and then returns the plasma and platelets safely with ease.

With only a little extra time during your appointment you can donate more red cells and increase your impact on the needy patients.
Who this helps: Red blood from Power Red Blood Donation is usually utilized by trauma patients, newborns and emergency requirements during birth, those with sickle cell anemia and those with blood deficiency.

Time: About 1.5 hours

Ideal blood type: O positive, O negative, one negative and B negative


Platelet donation

Platelets in your blood are small cells that make blood clot and prevent bleeding. Platelets are utilized by those suffering with life-threatening illnesses and injuries and some cancer patients.

In a platelet donation an apheresis machine gathers donor’s platelets with plasma from the blood and then returns the red cells and most of the plasma back. Many transfusable units can be formed from a donation of platelets, whereas there are about 5 whole blood donations required for making 1 transfusable unit of platelets.
Platelets are collected only at the Red Cross donation centers and are not collect during a regular blood drive.
Who this helps: Platelets are a critical element of organ transplantation and cancer treatment and also required during other surgical procedures.

Time: About 2.5-3 hours

Ideal blood type: A positive, A negative, B positive, O positive, AB positive, and AB negative.



Plasma donation

While donating AB Elite the donor gives blood for plasma, one part of the blood is used in emergencies for treatment of patients. AB plasma can be given to anyone, no matter what their blood group is. Plasma is collected through an automated process that separates plasma from other blood components and then returns the red blood cells and platelets safely with ease. AB Elite maximizes the donation and needs only a few minutes for blood donation.
Plasma is collected only at selected Red Cross donation centers.

Who this helps: AB plasma is used to help prevent bleeding in emergencies and trauma situations.

Time: About 1 hour 15 minutes

Model blood type: AB-positive, AB negative


While Donating Blood try to keep your Blood Pressure normal:
Blood Pressure Category Systolic
mm Hg (Upper #)
Diastolic
mm Hg (Lower #)
Elevated 120-129 less than 80
Normal less than 120 less than 80
Lower Blood Pressure less than 100 less than 60
High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage 1
130-139 80-89
High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage 2
140 or Higher 90 or Higher
Hypertensive Crisis
(Seek Emergency Care)
Higher than 180 And/or higher than 120


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Credit: Author: Kawaljeet Singh

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NB The write-up is based on the most prevalent media information and is not a medical advice. Consult your Authorized Cardiologist for any Medical Treatment

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